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2003年考研英语听力真题及答案解析

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  2003年考研英语听力真题及答案解析   Section I Listening Comprehension   Directions:   This section is designed to test your ability to understand spoken English. You will hear a selection of recorded materials and you must answer the questions that accompany them. There are three parts in this section, Part A, Part B, and Part C.   Remember, while you should first put down your answers in your test booklet. At the end of the listening comprehension section, you will have five minutes to transfer all your answers from your test booklet to ANSWER SHEET 1.   Now look at Part A in your test booklet.   Part A   Directions:   For Question 1-5, you will hear a talk about Boston Museum of Fine Art. While you listen, fill out the table with the information you have heard. Some of the information has been given to you in the table. Write only 1 word or number in each numbered box. You will hear the recording twice. You now have 25 seconds to read the table below. (5 points)   Boston Museum of Fine Arts  
Founded (year) 1870  
Opened to the public (year) 1876 Question 1
Moved to the current location (year) 1909  
The west wing completed (year) 1981 Question 2
Number of departments 9  
The most remarkable department textiles Question 3
Exhibition Space (m2) 19,137 Question 4
Approximate number of visitors/year 800,000  
Programs provided classes lectures concerts Question 5
  Part B   Directions:   For Questions 6-10, you will hear an interview with an expert on marriage problems. While you listen, complete the sentences or answer the questions. Use not more than 3 words for each answer. You will hear the recording twice. You now have 25 seconds to read the sentences and questions below. (5 points)   What should be the primary source of help for a troubled couple? themselves(________). Question 6   Writing down a list of problems in the marriage may help a troubled couple discuss them constructively(________). Question 7   Who should a couple consider seriously turning to if they can’t talk with each other? a qualified psychologist(________). Question 8   Priests are usually unsuccessful in counseling troubled couples despite their good intentions(________). Question 9   According to the old notion, what will make hearts grow fonder? absence(________). Question 10   Part C   Directions:   You will hear three pieces of recorded material. Before listening to each one, you will have time to read the questions related to it. While listening, answer each question by choosing [A], [B], [C] or [D]. After listening, you will have time to check your answers you will hear each piece once only. (10 points)   Questions 11-13 are based on the following talk about napping, you now have 15 seconds to read questions 11-13.   11. Children under five have abundant energy partly because they ________.   [A] sleep in three distinct parts   [B] have many five-minute naps   [C] sleep in one long block   [D] take one or two naps daily   12. According to the speaker, the sleep pattern of a baby is determined by ________.   [A] its genes   [B] its habit   [C] its mental state   [D] its physical condition   13. The talk suggests that, if you feel sleepy through the day, you should ________.   [A] take some refreshment   [B] go to bed early   [C] have a long rest   [D] give in to sleep   Questions 14-16 are based on the following interview with Sherman Alexie, an American Indian poet. You now have 15 seconds to read Questions 14-16.   14. Why did Sherman Alexie only take day jobs?   [A] He could bring unfinished work home.   [B] He might have time to pursue his interests.   [C] He might do some evening teaching.   [D] He could invest more emotion in his family.   15. What was his original goal at college?   [A] to teach in high school   [B] to write his own books   [C] to be a medical doctor   [D] to be a mathematician   16. Why did he take the poetry-writing class?   [A] To follow his father.   [B] For an easy grade.   [C] To change his specialty.   [D] For knowledge of poetry.   Questions 17-20 are based on the following talk about public speaking. You now have 20 seconds to read Questions 17-20.   17. What is the most important thing in public speaking?   [A] Confidence.   [B] Preparation.   [C] Informativeness.   [D] Organization.   18. What does the speaker advise us to do to capture the audience’s attention?   [A] Gather abundant data.   [B] Organize the idea logically.   [C] Develop a great opening.   [D] Select appropriate materials.   19. If you don’t start working for the presentation until the day before, you will feel ________.   [A] uneasy   [B] uncertain   [C] frustrated   [D] depressed   20. Who is this speech most probably meant for?   [A] Those interested in the power of persuasion.   [B] Those trying to improve their public images.   [C] Those planning to take up some public work.   [D] Those eager to become effective speakers.   You now have 5 minutes to transfer all your answers from your test booklet to ANSWER SHEET 1.    
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  答案解析   Section I: Listening Comprehension (20 points)   Part A (5 points)  
1.1876 2.1981 3.textiles 4.19,137 5.concerts
    Part B (5 points)   6. (the couple) themselves   7. constructively   8. a qualified psychologist   9. good intentions   10. absence   Part C (10 points)  
11.[D] 12.[A] 13.[D] 14.[B] 15.[C]
16.[B] 17.[B] 18.[C] 19.[A] 20.[D]
    Section II: Use of English (10 points)  
21.[A] 22.[B] 23.[C] 24.[D] 25.[C]
26.[B] 27.[D] 28.[C] 29.[A] 30.[D]
31.[A] 32.[D] 33.[B] 34.[D] 35.[C]
36.[D] 37.[B] 38.[A] 39.[C] 40.[A]
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