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2014年职称英语理工A真题文字版代码11

英语网 | 2014-09-02
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  发布“ 2014年职称英语《理工A》真题文字版”,更多关于2014职称英语考试答案、职称英语考试真题,请访问英语网!   第4部分:阅读理解   下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题,请根据短文内容,为每题确定1个最佳选项。   第一篇   A New Strategy to Overcome Breast Cancer   Post-menopausalwomen who walk for an hour a day can cut their chance of breast cancer significantly,a study has suggested. The report ,which followed 73,000 women for 17 years,found walking for at least seven hours a week lowered the risk of the disease.The American Cancer Society team said this was the first time reduced risk was specifically linked to walking. UK experts said it was more evidence that lifestyle influenced cancer risk.   A recent poll for the charity Ramblers a quarter of adults walk for no more than an hour a week,but being active is known to reduce the risk of a number of cancers.This study, published in Cancer Epidemiology,Biomarkers Prevention,followed 73.615 women out of 97,785 aged 50-74 who had been recruited by the American Cancer Society between 1992 and 1993,so it could monitor the incidence of cancer in the group.   They were asked to complete questionnaires on their health and on how much time they were active and participating in activities such as walking,swimming and aerobicsand how much time they spent sitting watching television or reading.They completed the same questionnaires at two-year intervals between 1997 and 2009.Of the women,47% said walking was their only recreational acivity.Those who walked for at least seven hours per week had a 14% lower risk of breast cancer compared to those who walked three or fewer hours per week.   Dr.Alpa Patel,a senior epidemiologist at the American Cancer Society in Atlanta,Georgia,who led the study,said:”Given that more than 60% of women report some daily walking,promoting walking as a healthy leisure-time activity could be an effective strategy for increasing physical activity amongst post-menopausal women.We were pleased to find that without any other recreational activity, just walking one hour a day was associated with a lower risk of breast cancer in these women.””More strenuousand longer activities lowered the risk even more.”   Baroness Delyth Morgan, chief executive of Breast Cancer Campaign,said:”This study adds further evidence that our lifestyle choices can play a part in influencing the risk of breast cancer and even small changes incorporate into our normal day-to-day activity can make a difference.”   She added:”We know that the best weapon to overcoming breast cancer is the ability to stop it occurring in the first place. The challenge now is how we turn these   findings into action and identify other sustainable lifestyle changes that will help us prevent breast cancer.”   31. All of the following factors relating to cancer risk were mentioned in the passage__?____EXCEPT________   A. breathing exercise   B.regular walking   C.recreational activity   D.lifestyle choices   32. It can be inferred from Dr. Alpa Patel’s study that____.   A. women have fewer chances of physical activity   B. daily walking could cut the chance of breast cancer   C. leisure-time activity is not associated with cancer risk   D. walking is not recommended for women with breast cancer   33. Dr. Alpa Patel was_____.   A. head of the survey study   B. chief editor of Cancer Epidemiology   C. chair of the American Cancer Society   D. chief executive of Breast Cancer Campaign   34. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?   A. Most women take walking as their only recreational activity.   B. The study aims to track the health conditions of its subjects.   C. Walking was the only recreational acitivity for about half of the women   D. Irregular walking increased the risk of breast cancer in post-menopausal women   35. The word “sustainable”in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to ???????   A. continuable   B. affordable   C. available   D. persistent   发布“ 2014年职称英语《理工A》真题文字版”,更多关于2014职称英语考试答案、职称英语考试真题,请访问网!   第二篇   The Northern Lights   The sun is stormy and has it own kind of weather. It is so hot and active that even the Sun’s gravity cannot hold its atmosphere in check! Energy flows away from the Sun toward the Earth in a stream of electrified particles that move at speeds around a million miles per hour. These particles are called plasma, and the stream of plasma coming from the Sun is called the solar wind. The more active the Sun, the stronger the solar wind.   The solar wind constantly streams toward the Earth, but don’t worry because a protective magnetic fields surrounds our planet. The same magnetic field that makes your compass point north also steers the particles from the Sun to the north and south poles. The charged particles become trapped in magnetic belts around the Earth. When a large blast of solar wind crashes into the Earth’s magnetic field first gets squeezed and then the magnetic field lines break and reconnect.   The breaking and reconnecting of the magnetic field lines can cause atomic particles called electrons trapped in the belts to fall into the Earth’s atmosphere at the poles. As the electrons fall into the Earth, they collide with gas molecules in the atmosphere, creating flashes of light in the sky.   Each atmospheric gas glows a different color. Oxygen and nitrogen glows red and green and nitrogen glows violet-purple. As these various colors glow and dance in the night sky, they create the Northern Lights and the Southern Lights.   Watching auroras is fun and exciting, but normally you can only see them in places far north like Alaska and Canada. The movement of the aurora across the sky is usually slow enough to easily follow with your eyes but they can also pulsate, flicker, or even move like waves. During solar maximum, 5 auroras are seen as far south as Florida, even Mexico!Auroras often seem to be very close to the ground, but the lowest aurora is still about 100 kilometers above the ground, a distance much higher than clouds are formed or airplanes can fly. A typical aurora band can be thousands of kilometers long, a few hundred kilometers high, but only a few hundred meters thick.   We hope you are able to travel to far-north places like the Arctic Circle and see the Northern Lights at least once during your lifetime. We know you will never forget it!   36. The solar wind comes into being as a result of______   A. disappearance of the Sun’s gravity.   B. unpredictable weather of the Sun.   C. fast flow of energy away from the Sun.   D. a stream of particles being blown away.   37. What happens when solar wind comes to the Earth?   A. A protective magnetic field is formed at the same time.   B. It is trapped in magnetic belts around the Earth.   C. It destroys the protective magnetic field surrounding the Earth.   D. It breaks magnetic field lines and does severe damage to the ???   38. The Northern Lights are created when______   A. atomic particles fall to the Earth and collide with atmospheric gases.   B. the magnetic field lines fail to reconnect.   C. the electrons falling to the Earth shine in different colors.   D. oxygen and nitrogen are separated from the atmospheric gases.   39. Which of the following statements is true of the Northern Lights?   A. Their movement is slow enough to be observed with the eyes.   B. People cannot see them unless traveling to Alaska or Canada   C. They are very close to the ground.   D. They are very long and thick.   40. What is the author’s tone toward the Northern Lights?   A. Indifferent   B. Sarcastic   C. Sharp   D. Appreciative   发布“ 2014年职称英语《理工A》真题文字版”,更多关于2014职称英语考试答案、职称英语考试真题,请访问网!   第三篇   Eye-tracker Lots You Drag and Drop Files with a Glance   Bored of using a mouse? Soon you'll be able to change stuff on your computer screen – and then move it directly onto your smartphone or tablet –with nothing more than a glance.   A system called EyeDrop uses a head-mounted eye tracker that simultaneously records your field of view so it knows where you are looking on the screen. Gazing at an object – a photo, say – and then pressing a key, selects that object. It can then be moved from the screen to a tablet or smartphone just by glancing at the second device, as long as the two are connected wirelessly.   "The beauty of using gaze to support this is that our eyes naturally focus on content that we want to acquire," says Jayson Turner, who developed the system with colleagues at Lancaster University, UK.   Turner believes EyeDrop would be useful to transfer an interactive map or contact information from a public display to your smartphone or for sharing photos.   A button needs to be used to select the object you are looking at otherwise you end up with the "Midas touch" effect, whereby everything you look at gets selected by your gaze, says Turner. "Imagine if your mouse clicked on everything it pointed at," he says.   Christian Holz, a researcher in human-computer interaction at Yahoo Labs in Sunnyvale, California, says the system is a nice take on getting round this fundamental problem of using gaze-tracking to interact. "EyeDrop solves this in a slick way by combining it with input on the touch devices we carry with us most of the time anyway and using touch input as a clutching mechanism," he says. "This now allows users to seamlessly interact across devices far and close in a very natural manner."   While current eye-trackers are rather bulky, mainstream consumer devices are not too far away. Swedish firm Tobii is developing gaze-tracking technology that can be installed in laptops and tablets and is expected to be available to buy next year. And the Google Glass headset is expected to include eye-tracking in the future.   Turner says he has also looked at how content can be cut and pasted or drag-and-dropped using a mix of gaze and taps on a touchscreen. The system was presented at the Conference on Mobile and Ubiquitous Multimedia in Sweden, last week.   41. The eye-tracker technology enables us to______   A. change our computer screen.   B. focus on anything that interests us.   C. get a smartphone connected wirelessly.   D. move an object from screen with a glance.   42. Why is a button needed?   A. To minimize the cost of EyeDrop.   B. To choose as many objects as possible.   C. To make EyeDrop different from others.   D. To select what we want.   43. The word “this” in Paragraph 6 refers to_______   A. application of gaze-tracking in human-computer interaction.   B. interaction between human and computer.   C. combination of gaze-tracking with input on touch devices.   D. generalization of EyeDrop system.   44. Which of the following statement is true of eye-trackers for consumer devices.   A. They are costly.   B. They are available.   C. They are installed in Google Glass headset.   D. They are expected to come out soon.   45. What is Turner likely to study next?   A. How to drag and drop with gaze and taps.   B. How to present the system in public.   C. How to get touchscreen involved.   D. How to cut and paste content from a public display.   发布“ 2014年职称英语《理工A》真题文字版”,更多关于2014职称英语考试答案、职称英语考试真题,请访问网!   第5部分:补全短文   下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。   Wrongly Convicted Man and His Accuser Tell Their Story   NEW YORK,NY, January 5,2010. St.Martin’s Press has announced the release of the paperback edition of Picking Cotton, a remarkable true story of what novelist John Grisham calls an “account of violence, rage, redemption,and, ultimately forgiveness.”   The story began in 1987, in Burlington, North Carolina, with the rape of a young while college student named Jennifer Thompson. During her ordeal, Thompson swore to herself that she would never forget the face of her rapist, a man who climbed through the window of her apartment and assaulted her brutally.________When the police asked her if she could identify the assilantfrom a book of mug shots, she picked one that she was sure was correct, and later she identified the same man in a lineup.   Based on her convincing eyewithness testimony, a 22-year-old black man named Ronald Cotton was sentenced to prison for two life terms. Cotton’s lawyer appealed the decision, and by the time of the appeals hearing, evidence had come to light suggesting that the real rapist might have been a man who looked very like Cotton, an imprisoned criminal named Bobby Poole._______Jennifer Thompson looked at both men face to face, and once again said that Ronald Cotton was the one who raped her.   Eleven years later, DNA evidence completely exoneratedCotton and just as unequivocally convicted Poole, who confessed to the crime. ________ “The man I was so sure I had never seen in my life was the man who was inches from my throat, who raped me, who hurt me, who took my spirit away, who robbed me of my soul,” she wrote. “And the man I had identified so surely on so many occasions was absolutely innocent.”   _______ Remarkably both were able to put this tragedy behind them, overcome the racial barrier that divided them, and write a book, which they have subtitled “Our memoir of injustice and redemption.”   Nevertheless, Thompson says, she still lives “with constant pain that my profound mistake cost him so dearly______”   A. Jennifer Thompson decided to meet Cotton and apologize to him personally.   B. Many criminals are sent to prison on the basis of accurate testimony by eyewithnesses.   C. I cannot begin to imagine what would have happened had my mistaken identification occurred in a capital case   D. Another trial was held.   E. Thompson was shocked and devastated.   F. During the attack, she made an effort to memorize eveery detail of his face, looking for scars, tattoos,or other identifying marks.   发布“ 2014年职称英语《理工A》真题文字版”,更多关于2014职称英语考试答案、职称英语考试真题,请访问网!   第6部分:完形填空   下面的短文有15处空白,请根据短文内容为每处空白确定1个最佳选项。   Musical Training Can Improve Communication Skills   American scientists say musical training seems to improve communication skills and Language retardation.They found that developing musical skill involves the_________ process in the brain as learning how to speak .The scientists believe that could _________ children with learning disabilities .   Nina Krauss is a neurobiologist at Northwestern University in lllinois .She says Musical training _________ putting together different kinds of information,such as hearing music ,looking at musical notes,touching an instrument and watching other musicians .The ________ is not much different from learning how to speak .Both   involve different senses .   She further explains musical training and learning to _________ each make us think about what we are doing .She says speech and music ________ through a structure of the nervous system called the brain stem .The brain stem ________ our ability to hear .Until recently,experts have though the brain stem could not be developed or changed.________ Professor Krauss and her team found that musical training can improve a person’s brain stem activity.   The study involved involved individuals with different levels of musical ________ .They were asked to wear an electrical device that measures _________ activity. The individuals wore the electrode while they watched a video of someone speaking and a person playing a musical instrument---the cello.Professor Krause says cello have sound qualities similar _________ some of the sounds that are important with speech .The study found that the more years of training people had,the more_________ they were to the sound and rhythm of the music.Those who were Involved in musical activities were the same people in whom the ________ of sensory events was the strongest.It shows the importance of musical training to children with learning ________.She says using music to improve listening skills could mean they _________ sentences and understand facial expressions better .   51.A.unique B.different C.same D.strange   52.A.help B.tell C.remind D.entertain   53.A.shapes B.involves C.relates D.enhances   54.A.form B.step C.point D.process   55.A.play B.sing C.speak D.think   56.A.pass B.use C.look D.put   57.A.develops B.controls C.assesses D.observes   58.A.So B.Moreover C.As D.But   59.A.instruments B.ability C.types D.contact   60.A.physical B.musical C.speech D.brain   61.A.as B.of C.to D.at   62.A.familiar B.inactive C.critical D.sensitive   63.A.reduction B.improvement C.interference D.implication   64.A.styles B.disabilities C.interests D.approaches   65.A.read B.write C.hear D.change
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