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2010考研英语完型填空分析及标准答案

英语网 | 2014-08-29
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  2010年的考研英语完型填空部分,使用了2009年6月6日 Economist 《经济学人》杂志上的一篇文章,文章主要内容,是对社会学上一个经典的理论:霍桑效应的批判和反思。文章难度适中。命题专家在出题的时候也进行了一定程度的改写。下面结合原文,我来公布一下标准答案。   Light work; Questioning the Hawthorne effect   June 6, 2009   WHEN America's National Research Council sent two engineers to supervise a series of industrial experiments at a large telephone-parts factory called the Hawthorne Plant near Chicago in 1924, it hoped they would learn how shop-floor lighting affected workers' productivity. Instead, the studies ended up giving their name to the "Hawthorne effect"   The idea arose because of the perplexing behaviour of the women in the Hawthorne plant. According to accounts of the experiments, their hourly output rose when lighting was increased, but also when it was dimmed. It did not matter what was done; so long as something was changed, productivity rose. An awareness that they were being experimented upon seemed to be enough to alter workers' behaviour by itself。   命题专家改写了下面的句子 and decided to subject them to econometric analysis. The Hawthorne experiments had another surprise in store for them. Contrary to the descriptions in the literature, they found no systematic evidence that levels of productivity in the factory rose whenever changes in lighting were implemented。 内容来自 无忧考研网   It turns out that idiosyncrasies in the way the experiments were conducted may have led to misleading interpretations of what happened. For example, lighting was always changed on a Sunday, when the plant was closed. When it reopened on Monday, output duly rose compared with Saturday, the last working day before the change, and continued to rise for the next couple of days. But a comparison with data for weeks when there was no experimentation showed that output always went up on Mondays. Workers tended to beaver away for the first few days of the working week in any case, before hitting a plateau and then slackening off。   以下原文的两段没有选,我在这里列出,仅供大家参考:   Another of the original observations was that output fell when the trials ceased, suggesting that the act of experimentation caused increased productivity. But experimentation stopped in the summer, and it turns out from the records of production after the experiments that output tended to fall in the summer anyway. Perhaps workers were just hot。   There is a suggestion in the data that productivity was more responsive to changes in artificial than natural light. This could be interpreted as a subtler version of the Hawthorne effect, if you believe that workers were aware that changes in artificial light were induced by the experimenters, whereas natural light was changing on its own. But even this evidence is weak. For something so influential and intuitively appealing, it turns out that the Hawthorne effect is remarkably hard to pin down。   考试结束之后欢迎参与、、讨论,发表你的观点和感受,与网友对一对答案。新浪教育特约。送考试祝福,请。自我感觉考得不好的,欢迎。欢迎参与2010年考研及,并查看其他人的估分。
 
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