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高考英语“主打”动词精华

英语网 | 2014-08-11
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  对于英语学习者来说,动词是最难学的一个实词类别。纵观历届高考命题,有关动词的内容占的比例相当大,它常常与时态、语态、语境交际等诸方面揉合起来,进行综合测试。通过研悟高考试题,我们会发现常考的可圈可点的高考英语“主打”动词有以下一些。   一、表示“使/让……”概念的动词   这类动词常见的有:have,let,make,get,keep,drive,send,leave,force,cause等.它们后边分别可跟不定式,分词,形容词、介词短语,名词等作宾语补足语。   例如:I felt sorry to have kept you waiting for me so long.对不起,让你久等了。   The victory sent our spirits rising.胜利使得我们情绪高涨。   二、不定式做宾补,不定式符号可以省略的动词   常见的有;see,watch,hear,observe,feel,notice,listen to,llook at等感官动词及表示使役概念的have,let,mak等。这类词在变为被动语态时,其后不定式符号 to常补出。   例如:We are made to work far into the night.我们被迫干活到深夜。注;在这种结构中,watch,have,let一般不变为被动语态。如: The boy was watched to come out。(误)   三、不定式作宾语补足语,其后内容省略而只保留不定式符号的动词此类动词常见的有;   refuse,want,intend,oblige,mean,expect,tell,hope,like,love,plan, try, prefer,wish等。例如:-----Why did you cause the baby cry?------Idid n't mean to.   四、引导宾语从句用虚拟预期的动词这类动词在引导宾语从句从句时常用:   should+动词原形,should可以省略,常见的有:order ,demend,suggest,insist,require,advise,decide,propose等。例如He orderd that we should do it at once.他要求我们立即完成这项工作。He adviced we should do more speaking practising inorder to improve ourEnglish.他建议我们要想提高英语水平应练习说。   五、形主动、意义被动的词常见的有:   work,open,close,write,cut,look,teach,operate,run,keep,burn,last等。此类词的主语常为物。而且还常与表示特征、状况、行为、方式的副词well,easily,long等连用。例如;The clothing sells well. This kind of fruit can keep long.   六、行为动词充当系动词的词   这类动词不能单独构成动词词组,其后须带有表语(名词、形容词、副词、介词短语,不定式,V-ing,V-ed)构成系表结构,常见的有feel, sound, taste, look, smell, seem, appear, become, turn, grow, make, go, run, keep, stay, prove等。例如;It sounded like a train that was going under my house.听起来,象有火车在楼下飞驰而过。   Keep fit,study hard and wok well.身体好,学习好,工作好。   七、只接名词作宾语的词   此类动词常见的有: apprecate, adcice,suggest, compiete, finish,consider,enjoy,imagine,mind,miss,practise,keep, delay,risk,excuse,resist,avoid,escape,admit,forgive, permit,require,prevent,pardon,allow等。例如:I appreciate her devoting herself to the cause of education.我非常钦佩她献身教育的精神。Do you mind my asking a question?我问你一个问题你不介意吧?   八、既可接现在分词又可接过去分词作宾补的动词   此类动词常见的有:get,keep,have,leave,find,see,notice,hear等。例如:The two cheats had the lighes burning all night long. Yesday XiaoMing had his hair cut,I hardly recognized him.   九、同一词语用作及物动词与不及物动词   此类及物与不及物用法是有区别的,常见的有;work,wait/wait for,lie/lay,raise/rise,sit/seat,serve等。例如:If you have any question to ask in class,you can raise your hands.课堂上有什么问题可以举手发问。The sun rising,we started out.太阳升起来了,我们便开始上路。   十、构成固定短语的“短语动词”   此类动词在英语中数量较大。如;act as充当,beleve in相信,come across遇见,deal with处理,engage in从事,lead to导致,refer to提到,send for派人前往,cut in插嘴 die out灭绝,rise up起义, set off出发,warm up暖和起来,make fun of取笑,make friends with与……交朋友,set fire on点火,date back to追溯到,get along with 与……相处,look forward to期望,run out of用光,do away with废除.   We must look into the matter immediately.   我们必须马上调查此事。   The old should learn form the young and keep up with.   老年人应向青年人学习,跟上时代发展的步伐
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