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2012年职称英语理工类B级词汇练习4

英语网整理 | 2012-07-06
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  词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)

  下面共有15个句子,每个句子中均有1个词或短语有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的4个选项中选择1个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  1 These are the motives for doing it.

  A reasons

  B excuses

  C answers

  D replies

  2 The river widens considerably as it begins to turn west

  A extends

  B stretches

  C broadens

  D bends

  3 Many economists have given in to the fatal lure of mathematics.

  A error

  B puzzle

  C attraction

  D contradiction

  4 With immense relief I stopped running

  A no

  B 1ittle

  C scarce

  D enormous

  5 A great deal has been done to remedy the situation

  A maintain

  B improve

  C preserve

  D protect

  6 We can no longer tolerate his actions.

  A put up with

  B accept

  C take

  D receive

  7 Loud noises can be irritating.

  A hateful

  B painful

  C stimulating

  D annoying

  8 In the background was that eternal hum

  A long

  B never-ending

  C boring

  D extensive

  9 The Constitution’s vague nature has given it the flexibility to be adapted when circumstances change

  A imprecise

  B apparent

  C clear

  D easy

  10 Gambling is lawful in Nevada.

  A enjoyable

  B irresistible

  C legal

  D profitable

  11 These are the motives for doing it

  A reasons

  B excuses

  C answers

  D replies

  12 The river widens considerably as it begins to turn west

  A extends

  B stretches

  C broadens

  D bends

  13 Many economists have given in to the fatal lure of mathematics.

  A error

  B puzzle

  C attraction

  D contradiction

  14 With immense relief I stopped running.

  A no

  B little

  C scarce

  D enormous

  15 A great deal has been done to remedy the situation

  A maintain

  B improve

  C preserve

  D protect


  答案解析


  1 A motive:动机。reason:理由。这两个词意思比较接近。There is no reason to doubt his word.没有理由不相信他的话。excuse:借口。answer和reply都有“回答”的意思。

  2 C widen和broaden都有“拓宽”的意思。extend:延伸:延长。The builders extended the road for three more miles.筑路人把道路延长了三英里。stretch:延伸。The forests stretch for hundreds of miles森林绵延数百英里。bend:弯曲。

  3 c lure:吸引。attraction:吸引。这两个词意思相近。The attraction of this house lies in its simplicity.J~所房子的诱人之处在于它的简单。error:错误。puzzle:难题。contradiction:矛盾。

  4 D immense和enormous都有“巨大的”意思。It was all enormous disappointment.此事太令人失望了。no是“没有”,little是“几乎没有”, scarce是“不足的”。

  5 B remedy:补救。improve:改进。这两个词意思相近。Herbal medicine can be used to improve our health.草药可用于增进我们的健康。maintain:保持。preserve:保护。protect:保护。

  6 A tolerate和put up with都有“忍受”的意思。accept是“接受”,take是“取”,receive是“收到”。

  7 D irritating和annoying都有“使烦恼的”意思。hateful是“可恨的”,painful是“痛苦的”,stimulating是“刺激的”。

  8 B eternal和never?ending都有“永恒的”意思。long是“长的”,boring是“乏味的”I found his talk rather boring.我发现他的报告相当乏味。extensive是“广泛的”。

  9 A vague:模糊的;imprecise:不确切的,不明确的。这两个词意思相近。apparent:清楚的。It is apparent that we have made a mistake.显然,我们犯了个错误。clear是“清楚的”, easy是“容易的”。

  10 C lawful和legal都有“合法的”意思。enjoyable有“有益的”意思。The movie was enjoyable.该电影很有意思。irresistible是“不可抵挡的”。The music is irresistible这音乐太动听了。profitable:有利可图的。We had a profitable talk. 我们的谈话是有益的。

  ll A motive:动机。reason:理由。这两个词意思比较接近。There is no reason to doubt his word.没有理由不相信他的话。excuse:借口。answer和reply都有“回答”的意思。

  12 C widen和broaden都有“拓宽”的意思。extend:延伸;延长。The builders Extended the road for three more miles筑路人把道路延长了三英里。stretch:延伸。The forests stretch for hundreds of miles.森林绵延数百英里。bend:弯曲。

  13 C lure:吸引。attraction:吸引。这两个词意思相近。The attraction of this house lies in its simplicity.这所房子的诱人之处在于它的简单。error:错误。puzzle:难题。contradiction:矛盾。

  14 D immense和enormous都有“巨大的”意思。It was an enormous disappointment.此事太令人失望了。no是“没有”,little是“几乎没有”,scarce是“不足的”。

  15 B remedy:补救。improve:改进。这两个词意思相近。Herbal medicine can be used to improve our health.草药可用于增进我们的健康。maintain:保持。preserve:保护。protect:保护。
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